Glowy skin and skin's own anti-aging or rather problem skin? Advantages and disadvantages of oily skin and what to consider when caring for it
Dear ones, it's time. The next joint blog article with our guest author Minja is here. For all new readers, whom we hereby welcome, Minja is just over 30 and lives in Berlin. She is a pharmacist and after completing her pharmacy studies, she specialized in skin pﬂege and cosmetics in a two-year training. Minja works in Berlin as a pharmacist. She runs her own blog where she shares with her readers the knowledge she has acquired over the years.
"When we nourish and care for our bodies in a healthy way and also make sure to be balanced on the inside, we feel good in our skin and can freely unleash our full potential!" Minja is here to support you with her knowledge in regards to your skin!
This time we decided to focus on the topic of oily and blemished skin. The topic seems to be of great interest to many of you and I am also very happy to hear about it from one of you.
Oily and blemished skin
Oily skin usually has larger pores, the surface of the skin is often greasy and often shiny. It is usually characterized by excessive sebum production, which often leads to blemishes. For those who do not like this, there is hope at this point: with an individually adapted care routine and appropriate nutrition, clear skin without shine can be achieved.
However, it should basically be said here that the sebum secreted by the skin glands is very important for our skin. It protects the skin from drying out, keeps it elastic and protects it from negative environmental influences. Oily skin is therefore very protective.
However, if the sebaceous glands secrete too much oil, the surface of the skin is greasy and shiny, which bothers many people. Excess skin oil is particularly present in the T-zone (forehead, nose, chin) as there is an increased number of sebaceous glands here. If in addition to excessive sebum production, proliferation (growth and multiplication) and reduced desquamation of keratinocytes (horn-forming cells in the epidermis) occur, the sebaceous duct may become blocked. If the sebum can then no longer drain properly, blackheads or pimples develop. Unfortunately, this then is an excellent environment for the growth and multiplication of further skin-own bacteria which may lead to more or less severe inflammatory processes.
So, the goal of cleansing and caring for an oily skin should be to restore the balance in the skin. Attention, this in no way means that all visible skin oil should be removed with cleansing. Because what many do not know is, it is important not to degrease the skin too much. Conversely, it would react with a defensive reaction, i.e. with an increased production of sebum, in order to compensate for the deficiency of skin fat caused! As with many things in life, the right measure is decisive.
Cleansing & Care
Although it may seem a little surprising at first, we should not wash oily skin too often and avoid aggressive cleansers at all costs. The skin should be cleaned twice a day, the water should only be lukewarm and not too hot. Facial cleansing gel, foam (please be careful here as well, because cleansing foam often contains relatively aggressive surfactants, i.e. washing substances) or also balm with mild surfactants, are excellent forms for cleansing oily skin.
In general, oily skin should be cared for with products that have a lower lipid content, i.e. with light emulsions or even gels instead of rich creams. Very important at this point, when caring for oily skin the individual condition of the skin is very important and the appropriate care should be individually adapted. This can be done by professional, in case of doubt medical, advice or by your own well-considered and careful training and careful trying of products suitable for this skin type.
When oily skin is dehydrated, for example, it is necessary to increase its moisture. Dehydrated oily skin mainly needs humectants, i.e. substances that help the skin to retain water. Examples for this are hyaluronic acid, urea, glycerin, amino acids, peptides or AHAs.
If the skin is blemished and affected by blackheads or even acne, substances like BHAs, AHAs and azelaic acid can help. BHAs such as salicylic acid act on the upper layers of the skin and gently remove dead skin cells, cleanse the pores and soothe the skin. AHAs, such as glycolic acid, gently remove dead skin cells. Azelaic acid has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.
Substances such as benzoyl peroxide and azelaic acid are also very useful for blemished skin because they can help reduce the number of bacteria in inflammatory processes.
Other substances that can assist in rebalancing oily and blemished skin include zinc (anti-inflammatory properties), niacinamide (regulation of sebum production) and witch hazel extract (anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties). Also ingredients like the clay, aloe vera, black cumin oil (Nigella Sativa), cajeput oil are known for their anti-inflammatory and/or cleansing properties. Mild care masks with clay or healing earth are good for oily skin with excessive sebum production because they have an intensive cleansing, antibacterial and moisturizing effect and help the skin to find its balance again. The picture above shows different types of clay in dry as well as in creamy consistency stirred with moisture.
On the other hand, substances which are known for their comedogenic effects and their tendency to cause acne and pimples should be avoided. These are e.g. cocoa butter, mineral oils, isopropyl myristate as well as certain vegetable oils like coconut and palm oil.
Benefits of Oily Skin:
For all sufferers of oily skin, there is good news because it also has advantages over normal skin: it ages slower. In addition, it is often more resistant to the negative effects of environmental factors.
Additive - drug therapy for acne
In cases of very strong hyperproduction of talc, unfortunately no effective reduction of sebum production can be achieved with cosmetic products. Retinoids or hormone therapy can support here and are used in the treatment of acne. Topical antibiotics and retinoids (adapalene) are also a possible form of treatment for inflammatory processes on the skin. In this case, it is highly advisable to consult a doctor who specializes in this field and who can support an appropriate treatment.
Here you will find an excerpt of products that are especially suitable for oily or blemish-prone skin.
This post was written by our guest author Minja. Minja studied pharmacy and then specialized in skincare for another two years. She works as a pharmacist and continues to devote her spare time to her favourite subject, skin and its care. Minja runs a blog and Instagram profile herself, both under the title "The Soul of Skin".
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